punctuation

punctuation spacing Link to this term

no space between word and punctuation mark, so (part one) never *( part one ), and as follows: not *as follows : The exception is between a word and an en-dash: This morning – and what a morning – was to be my last. If you choose to use an em-dash it is usual to close the spacing thus: This morning—and what a morning—was to be my last. It's all about readability.

colon Link to this term

please use in headings and titles instead of dashes

ellipsis ... Link to this term

three dots only...and even at the end of a sentence, no closing full stop is needed... Punctuation marks are set in stone and shouldn't be messed with. Some people type two, five, six or more dots, and this kind of free expression has no place on a grown-up website. Note that an ellipsis with one letter space either side indicates missing text in a quotation.

apostrophes Link to this term

for tips on how to use apostrophes in joint ownership and after names ending in 's', follow see also link below:

inverted commas Link to this term

also called quotation marks, or quote marks. Our house style is to use single quotation marks everywhere except for quotes within quotes.

dashes Link to this term

em-dash — useful in pairs in place of brackets—like this—or to indicate a change of thought—like this. The em-dash is usually supplied by Word as an auto-correct replacement when you type two hyphens together, or you can use the keyboard shortcut CTRL+ALT+- (that's the minus sign if your keyboard has a numbers pad). If you haven't got a numbers pad use 'insert symbol'. en-dash – can be used in place of 'to' in a date series. 1995–2003

commas Link to this term

On the RN website all punctuation should make sense grammatically, not just rhetorically. Marks you use to show pauses and intonation in your studio scripts won't necessarily work in online copy. For some comma rules follow the 'how to use commas' link below

bulleted lists (punctuation in) Link to this term

dot points that are not complete sentences need no end-of-line punctuation (comma, full stop or semi-colon). The final dot point in the series, though, should end with a full stop.